On line dating dharma

The historical Bodhidharma (known as Daruma in Japan) was an Indian sage who lived sometime in the fifth or sixth century AD.

Modern scholars and art historians are trying to discern the underlying historical figure by stripping away the ideological, idealizing, & idolizing accretions.

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To improve readability, info is sometimes repeated. Practically nothing is known about Bodhidharma or his teachings.

Written principally as a “Daruma Primer” for students & teachers of art history. = Pútídámó 菩提達磨, Dámó, Damo, Tamo Jp = Daruma 達磨, Bodaidaruma 菩提達磨Jp. = Dalma, Talma 달마Tibetan = Bodhidharmottāra or Dharmottāra; considered an Arhat. Early Chinese texts provide scant information, except to say he was a pious monk from Indian who came to China and introduced a form of meditation that involved “gazing at cave walls.” Only one of the ten texts DEFINITIONS: In the early part of the 20th century, a great cache of manuscripts dating to China's Tang period (618-907), were discovered in Dunghuang, China.

In the Tibetan tradition, Dharmatrata, along with the Northern Chan master Mahayana, were added to the list of 18 Arhats. Both versions are considered largely apocryphal, containing layer upon layer of embellishments and legendary accretions spanning many centuries.

Daruma and Courtesanby Katsukawa Shunkō 勝川春好(1743~1812). He is commonly considered the founder of Chan (Zen) Buddhism 禅, and credited with Chan's introduction to China.

Additionally, Japan’s medieval Tendai sect claims that Bodhidharma did not return to India but journeyed onward to Japan, where he met Prince Shōtoku Taishi (574 - 622 AD), the first great patron of Buddhism in Japan, and from this association, Daruma is also linked (in Japanese myth) to horses and monkeys. The origin of these Japanese legends is hard to pinpoint.

Zen came to prominence in Japan during the Kamakura period (1185-1333), although Zen teachings had entered Japan centuries earlier via China.In Tibet/China/Japan, he is an avatar of Avalokitêśvara (J = Kannon). Photo Prints of Japan Wall-Gazing Daruma 面壁達磨Phallic Symbol. Among them was the Treatise on the Two Entrances and Four Practices, attributed to Bodhidharma (but recorded by his disciple Tanlin).In Japan, famous monks like Gyōki & Eisai are his avatars. Modern scholars such as John Mc Rae and Jeffrey Broughton see no reason to doubt this attribution.Bodhidharma is thereafter considered a type of Taoist Immortal, one who feigned his own death. Bodhidharma is also, according to some, the founder of Shaolin martial arts and Kung Fu, although such views are now largely discredited.This, in a nutshell, is the Chinese version of the Bodhidharma story.By the end of the 19th century, Sanskrit had been reduced to the status of a classical language handled only by the intelligentsia.

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